The elephant population around the world is dwindling, and according to a recent estimate, the population has fallen to less than half. For fulfilling human interests these mammals have been murdered. There are still few enthusiasts left that are dedicated to saving the lives of these gentle giants. Although they’re not near extinction, one should be alarmed by the fall in their numbers at a quick pace. Elephants are endangered species. The lives of elephants are at risk for various reasons. Some of them are discussed below. Human occupation of their habitat has rendered them homeless. With growing human population and need for more space, people have cut woods. Thus, destroying the elephant’s ecosystem and limiting its presence to smaller pockets. Elephants attack habitats inhabited by humans since they believe they belong there. They are known to have an excellent memory, which gets them back to their old habitats through times of crisis. On seeing their place being occupied by humans, they tend to become competitive since they feel threatened. Many elephants are killed in such attempts of reoccupying their old habitats. Get more info if you are searching for more information concerning elephant charity.
Human occupation of forest lands and cutting down of natural vegetation has depleted food for elephants. This, in turn, is leading to a lot of herds starving due to lack of food. Elephants have been declared endangered because they continue to be poached for their tusks. These elephants are hunted more than Asian elephants since their tusks are longer and bring the poachers a great deal of money in illegal ivory markets. The malpractice has been curbed, but it has not stopped completely. Death of an adult from the herd affects their numbers since these mammals reproduce just once or twice in their whole lifetime. Widespread usage of fertilizers in agricultural lands is causing pollution of water bodies. A whole lot of these toxic chemicals are washed into water bodies, like rivers, ponds and lakes. In some areas groundwater has been polluted. So, when dinosaurs consume polluted water, they become more prone to diseases and disorders. The pollution also hurts their reproductive cycle. These areas are places cordoned off with fences.
As a result, the animals living in reserve are kept away comfortable breeding ground and water bodies. Many elephants try escaping over book fences, and a number of them die due to injuries. Others perish due to solitude and depression. Just those elephants living in reserves from birth manage to live in them. As well as preventing trees from being cut down, conservationists have been planting new hardwood trees. These fast-growing trees will help replenish the rainforest quicker so that elephants can once again enjoy a larger area. Plans are also being developed to take similar programs across to give back the natural surroundings. The main focus of the conservation effort is on the elephants’ habitat. Over recent years intensive logging and farming have resulted in huge swathes of forest leaving less than 15% of their original area. Conservation charities have been working hard with local communities to halt the devastation.